Libya Is In The Midst Of An Armed Insurrection, Not A Peaceful Protest

Alexandra Valiente
Libya 360°

Libya is facing an armed insurrection. This is not a peaceful protest.

What is taking place in Libya is a carefully staged, strategically planned armed insurrection, backed by the U.S. and E.U.

Their objective is not “democratization” but regime change and the takeover of Libya’s vast resource wealth.

Yesterday, Muammar Gaddafi’s son, Saif al-Islam, said that the situation in his country is different from that in Tunisia and Egypt because Libya’s instability was caused by terrorist groups.

His statement is congruent with what we are able to verify regarding these “opposition organizations” that work under the umbrella of the National Conference for the Libyan Opposition, which is funded by Saudi Arabia and according to sources, was formed in London in 2005. It is led by the CIA-trained and CIA-Saudi joint funded National Front for the Salvation of Libya, whose leader is Col. Khalifa Haftar.

Libyan opposition groups include:

Follow the links and see who is really behind them. All trails lead to foreign NGO’s and intelligence agencies.

Saif al-Islam has repeatedly emphasized that they are not fighting against the Libyan people, but against terrorist organizations. He explicitly refuted reports of government snipers shooting at protesters.

Currently, the only group pressing for United Nations intervention is the foreign intelligence-backed rebels (aka) terrorists masquerading as protesters.

The Libyan people do not want any U.S – NATO involvement. They remember all too well the treachery and barbarism of previous “interventions”.

Prensa Latina reports that Cuba rejected any maneuver by the UNHRC that entailed foreign military intervention in Libya and reiterated a call to Libyan authorities to remain calm in the face of threats and provocations.

We cannot accept the risk that this tragic situation is used to satisfy pro-intervention greed, strip the Libyan people of its sovereignty and take over their resources,” said Cuban permanent representative to the UNHRC in Geneva, Rodolfo Reyes.

We want the Libyan people to reach a prompt, peaceful, sovereign solution to the situation created there, without any kind of interference or foreign intervention, that secures the integrity of the Libyan nation.”

According to this report from Serbians living in Libya, the situation is calm and there is no sign of discontent. We must question all unverified media reports and ask whose agenda they serve.

A recent example of Washington propaganda comes from this Al Jazeera interview with Ibrahim Sharqieh of the Brookings Institute. He is deputy director of the Doha Center, a department within the AIPAC-founded Saban Center division of Brookings. You can view their featured articles on “democracy promotion” in the Middle East here.

An article featured on the Brookings website; The Whole World is Watching, is authored by Samantha Constant and Edward Sayre, who work for the Brookings Wolfensohn Center for Development and head The Middle East Youth Initiative. It reveals the strategy behind targeting youth.

Let me be clear. This is not about improving the future for the youth in the Middle East and North Africa.

It is about exploiting the most vulnerable and impressionable segment of the population, utilizing their energy, idealism and angst to further globalist agendas that benefit only the elite. This is ruthless predation at its worst and is utterly unconscionable.

Understanding how the game is being played against the people of Africa and the Middle East we must turn the tables against the globalists and withdraw support for their “color revolutions”, acts of terrorism and wars launched under false pretext.

As for Libya, the best possible outcome will manifest only if the people, free from foreign covert and overt operations, are able to determine their own destiny.



The List

Who’s Next?

With Hosni Mubarak stepping down in Egypt, tyrants around the world may be anxiously wondering who will be the next to fall. Here are some gentle suggestions.

Kim Jong Il, North Korea
Sometimes called the Hermit Kingdom, North Korea has been ruled since 1994 by the ruthless and retrograde Kim Jong Il, who took over after his father’s 46 years at the helm. Kim Jong Il holds numerous titles, but rules as the chairman of the National Defense Commission, the “highest office of state,” since the presidency itself was permanently dedicated to Kim Il Sung in a 1998 constitutional revision.

The Kim family’s combined 63 years of leadership has not been kind to the people of North Korea, creating the world’s most fearsome state, where surveillance and famine are equally prevalent. To prevent its citizens from receiving news from abroad, the North Korean authorities forbid Internet use, jam foreign radio broadcasts, and monitor international calls. Meanwhile, the beleaguered population is deluged with Cold War-like propaganda through the Korean Central News Agency. A grim system of labor camps and detention facilities is used to forcefully control any dissent. Given the closed and secretive nature of the regime and the society it lords over, it is impossible to know precisely how many North Koreans are in the modern-day gulags. Some estimates suggest as many as 150,000 people are currently being held in detention.

Now ailing, Kim Jong Il is reported to have plans to install his son, Kim Jong Un, as the country’s leader, likely prolonging the misery of the long-suffering North Korean people.

Muammar al-Qaddafi, Libya
Forty-one years ago, a young army captain named Muammar al-Qaddafi led a military coup against King Idris of Libya. Now 68 years old, Qaddafi has been in office since the first term of U.S. President Richard Nixon, who called him the “mad dog” of the Middle East. In Libya’s long history of ruthless, ossified dictators, Qaddafi is in a league of his own.

Better known abroad for his long-winded antics than his governing style, at home Qaddafi is less amusing than fearsome. Although power theoretically lies with a system of people’s committees and the indirectly elected General People’s Congress, in practice those structures are manipulated to ensure the continued dominance of Qaddafi, who holds no official title. It is illegal for any political group to oppose the principles of Qaddafi’s 1969 revolution, which are laid out in the Green Book, a multivolume treatise published by Qaddafi in the early years of his rule. (A flip through its pages will yield a bizarre mix of Arab nationalism, socialism, and Islam.)

After decades of Qaddafi’s bizarre and repressive rule, key institutions — to the extent that they operate at all — are largely incapable of meeting ordinary people’s needs. An estimated 500 people are currently being held for political crimes. Rife with corruption and without even the rudiments of a functioning modern state, Libya today is ill-equipped to succeed in the contemporary world.

Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe
There was once a time when Robert Mugabe was the darling of the West among fellow African leaders. Having defeated the white-majority rule of Rhodesia to create his black-majority state, Mugabe looked at first like another Mandela. But even in those early days, he distinguished himself for his use of violence as a means to govern. His early targets in the 1980s were tribes that had favored other resistance leaders; his forces slaughtered as many as 30,000 members of the Ndebele minority.

In recent years, Mugabe has grown even more ruthless. His target of choice these days is the principal opposition group, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). His thugs have harassed and even attempted to assassinate high-level opposition figures, as well as regular voters (or presumed opposition voters). Others have felt his wrath too; a 2005 campaign labeled “Operation Drive Out the Trash” bulldozed the homes of 700,000 slum-dwellers. Equally devastating, Mugabe has overseen the complete destruction and impoverishment of what had been one of Africa’s economic success stories. GDP growth was negative off and on between 2001 and 2008, and by the end of that period, inflation had hit a rate of tens of thousands of percent.

The past several months have brought another uptick in political killings — perhaps because Mugabe has much to worry over: The MDC was the leading party in the most recent elections, and public discontent is growing toward Mugabe’s murderous rule. If Zimbabweans take a hint from Egypt, the Mugabe dictatorship’s days may be numbered.

The Castros, Cuba
In 1959, the revolutionary Fidel Castro overthrew Cuba’s former strongman, Fulgencio Batista, beginning a 50-year transformation of Cuba into a dismal communist state. Although medical issues prompted Fidel to formally hand over the presidency to his brother, Raúl, in 2008, Cuba remains a one-party state in which nearly all political rights and civil liberties are severely curtailed.

Start with political organizing, which is strictly banned outside the auspices of the state’s Communist Party. Dissent can result in harassment and long prison terms. Freedom of movement, including the right to leave the island and the right to choose one’s residence, are severely restricted. The government maintains strict control over all media outlets, these days also tightly controlling Internet access and content. Academic freedom is nonexistent, and any unauthorized gathering of more than three people may result in fines or imprisonment.

Today, years of economic stagnation have weakened the state services that once provided the regime its sole legitimacy. Under Raúl Castro, very limited reforms have taken place, including modest economic openings and the release of several dozen political prisoners in 2010. Nonetheless, the future of Cuba remains in the hands of an aging set of leaders for whom a true political opening remains anathema.

Aleksandr Lukashenko, Belarus:
Aleksandr Lukashenko has aptly been dubbed Europe’s last dictator. And indeed, his 16 years of rule have left Belarus a political and economic wasteland. At heart, Lukashenko remains a man of Russia’s Brezhnev era: His secret police even still use the acronym KGB. Lukashenko has used every trick in the authoritarian book to marginalize the opposition. His regime’s vise-like grip on broadcast media ensures that the people of Belarus see only the parallel reality painted for them in the state-controlled media.

However ferocious, this political dinosaur’s position is far from secure. Lukashenko “officially” received a ludicrous 80 percent majority in last December’s presidential election, but the results were widely condemned as fraudulent. And when thousands of demonstrators flooded the streets of Minsk, the security forces made liberal use of their truncheons and arrested hundreds of protesters. Those detained include a number of opposition candidates, several of whom have been threatened with prison terms exceeding 10 years. Lukashenko sneered: “There will be no more mindless democracy in this country.”

Dictatorships often falter when people recognize that freedom and prosperity prevail among their neighbors, while they enjoy neither. Belarus borders Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia — all former communist states that are now members of the European Union, enjoying wide freedoms and vastly superior economies. Surrounded by success stories and unable to eliminate the opposition, Lukashenko may be in for some sleepless nights.

© Copyright 2011 by Libya 360°

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One Comment

  1. Anna Johnson says:
    Anna Johnson Jul 16, 2011 Alexandra I want to post this entire page so the links are here. It’s obvious you were right in your first assessment of the situation in Libya. All of these links connect with what we now know are CIA front organizations, oil corporations and disgruntled monarchists. The brutality of the operatives, whether on the ground or online tweeting murderous bombing coordinates to NATO should be evidence enough that there will be a bloodbath and mass genocide if these criminals ever come to power. The enemy might read this page as a list of accomplishments but I believe it will turn against them and be used for criminal indictments. You’ve done a great job here. The National Transitional Council (Arabic: المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي, al-majlis al-waṭanī al-‘intiqālī), also known as the Interim National Council [1] or the Libyan National Council), is a political body formed to represent Libya by Anti-Gaddafi forces during the 2011 Libyan civil war against the regime of Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi. Its formation was announced in the city of Benghazi on 27 February 2011 and its intended purpose is to act as the “political face of the revolution”. On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the “sole representative of all Libya”.[2][3][4] An interim government was formed by the council on 23 March 2011. It has so far been been officially recognized as the sole legitimate government of Libya by 28 countries. Malta recognized it only as the sole legitimate negotiator of the future of Libya, but established formal relations in Benghazi with the NTC fully cut off relations with Gaddafi’s regime. Russia has recognized it as a co-legitimate representative of Libya along with Gaddafi’s regime, though its official stance is that Gaddafi should leave Libya. Botswana, Malawi, Liberia, Peru and some Western governments have severed ties with Gaddafi’s government, but have not recognized the council.[5][6][7][8] Several other countries have established unofficial diplomatic ties with the National Transitional Council, with a number of those countries establishing a permanent diplomatic presence in Benghazi to liaise with republican officials. The council refers to the Libyan state as the Libyan Republic while the Gaddafi government’s name for the Libyan state is the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Contents [hide] 1 Background 1.1 2011 uprising and civil war 1.2 Early efforts to form a government 1.3 Establishment of a national council 1.4 Formation of a transitional government 2 Aims and objectives of the national council 3 Council structure and membership 3.1 National Transitional Council (legislative body) 3.1.1 Membership of the council 3.2 Executive Board (interim government) 3.3 Local government 3.4 Commercial bodies 4 Armed forces 5 Foreign relations 6 Military intervention 7 See also 8 References 9 External links [edit] Background [edit] 2011 uprising and civil war Main article: 2011 Libyan civil war After popular movements overturned the rulers of Tunisia and Egypt, its immediate neighbours to the west and east, Libya experienced a full-scale uprising beginning in February 2011.[9][10] By 20 February, the unrest had spread to Tripoli. As of late February 2011, much of Libya had slipped out of Gaddafi’s control, falling to anti-Gaddafi forces. Eastern Libya, centered around the second city and vital port of Benghazi, was firmly under the control of the opposition. The opposition began to organise themselves into a functioning government.[11] [edit] Early efforts to form a government Opposition meeting in Al Bayda, 24 February 2011 On 24 February 2011, politicians, former military officers, tribal leaders, academics and businessmen held a meeting in the eastern city of Al Bayda.[12] The meeting was chaired by former justice minister Mustafa Abdul Jalil, who quit the government a few days before. The delegates discussed proposals for interim administration with many delegates asking for UN intervention in Libya.[13] The podium at the meeting displayed the pre-Jamahiriya flag.[14][15][16] On 25 February 2011, Al-Jazeera TV reported that talks are taking place between “personalities from eastern and western Libya” to form an interim government for the post-Gaddafi era.[14] On 26 February, it was reported that former justice minister Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil was leading the process of forming an interim body, to be based in Benghazi.[17][18] Mr Abud Al Jeleil stated that “Gaddafi alone bore responsibility for the crimes that have occurred” in Libya; he also insisted on the unity of Libya and that Tripoli is the capital.[19] The efforts to form an alternative government have been supported by the Libyan ambassador in the United States, Ali Suleiman Aujali.[20][21] The Libyan deputy ambassador to the United Nations, Ibrahim Omar Al Dabashi, has stated that he supported a new alternative government “in principle”.[22] [edit] Establishment of a national council A National Transitional Council was formed on 27 February 2011 to act as “the political face of the revolution”.[23] Its spokesman Hafiz Ghoga made clear at the launch press conference that the national council is not a provisional government and Ghoga also added that the newly formed council was not contacting foreign governments and did not want them to intervene.[24] He later clarified that an airstrike mandated by the United Nations would not be considered a foreign intervention.[25] An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi has reported that a fully fledged interim government will not be formed until Tripoli is under opposition control.[26] This is in contrast to claims made by former justice minister Mustafa Abdul Jalil on the previous day about the formation of a provisional government. These comments have now been clarified by the council as his “personal views”. On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the “sole representative of all Libya”. It was also stated that Mustafa Abdul Jalil was chairperson of the council.[2][3][4] [edit] Formation of a transitional government On 23 March the council established an Executive Board to act as a transitional government for Libya. Mahmoud Jibril was appointed as Chairman of that board stating that council now serves as the “legislative body”, and the new Executive Board will serve as the “executive body”.[27][28] Jebril is known to be leading the meeting and negotiations with French President Nicolas Sarkozy, a meeting that resulted in France officially recognizing the council as the sole representative of the Libyan people. [edit] Aims and objectives of the national council The “Declaration of the founding of the Transitional National Council” states the main aims of the council are as follows:[29] Ensure the safety of the national territory and citizens Coordination of national efforts to liberate the rest of Libya Support the efforts of local councils to work for the restoration of normal civilian life Supervise of the Military Council to ensure the achievement of the new doctrine of the Libyan People’s Army in the defense of the people and protect the borders of Libya Facilitate the election of a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution for the country; be put to a popular referendum Form a transitional government to pave the holding of free elections Guide the conduct of foreign policy, and the regulation of relations with other countries and international and regional organizations, and the representation of the Libyan people In another statement clarifying the goals for a post-Gaddafi Libya, the council has committed itself an eight-point plan to hold free and fair elections, draft a national constitution, form political and civil institutions, uphold intellectual and political pluralism, and guarantee citizens’ inalienable human rights and the ability of free expression of their aspirations. The council also emphasized its rejection of racism, intolerance, discrimination, and terrorism.[30][31] [edit] Council structure and membership [edit] National Transitional Council (legislative body) National Transitional Council المجلس الوطني الانتقالي, al-majlis al-waṭanī al-intiqālī Type Type Unicameral Leadership Chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil Vice Chairman Abdul Hafiz Ghoga [32] Members 33 members Meeting place Benghazi, Libya (interim) Website Official Website The National Transitional Council is a 33 member body that claims to be the “only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state”.[33] Al Jazeera English reported that each city or town under opposition control will be given five seats on the new council and that contact will be established with new cities that come under opposition control to allow them to join the council. The identities of members of the council were not disclosed at the launch conference. What is known is that human rights lawyer Hafiz Ghoga is the spokesperson for the new council. An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi stated that Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil still had a leadership role within the new council.[24] The Council declared that Jeleil is the head of the council.[4] The council met formally for the first time on 5 March 2011[4] when it was announced that the council has 33 members.[34] The names of some of the members are being kept secret to prevent threats to their families that are still in Government held areas of Libya.[35] [edit] Membership of the council The council has 33 members; the identities of several members has not been made public to protect their own safety. The members of the council include:[36] Mustafa Abdul JalilChairman of the Council Abdul Hafiz Ghoga – Vice Chairman of the Council, Spokesman, and City of Benghazi Fatih Turbel – Youth Omar El-Hariri – Military Affairs Zubeir Ahmed El-Sharif – Political Prisoners Fatih Mohammed Baja – Political Affairs and City of Benghazi Salwa Fawzi El-Deghali – Legal Affairs and Women Abdullah Moussa Al-Mayhoub – City of Qubba Ahmed Al-Abbar – Economics Ashour Bourashed – City of Derna Uthman Megrahi – City of Batnan Suleiman Al-Fortia – City of Misurata Mohamed Al-Muntasir – City of Misurata [edit] Executive Board (interim government) Libya This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Libya Constitution[show] Constitution The Green Book Jamahiriya Human rights Executive[show] Disputed between: Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Leader and Guide of the Revolution Muammar al-Gaddafi Cabinet General Secretary Baghdadi Mahmudi Libyan Republic National Transitional Council Chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil Chairman of the Executive Board Mahmoud Jibril Legislature[show] Disputed between: Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya General People’s Congress General Secretary Mohamed Abu Al-Quasim al-Zwai Libyan Republic National Transitional Council Chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil Judiciary[show] Supreme court Courts of appeals Courts of first instance Divisions[show] Subdivisions Districts BPCs Councils Elections[show] Elections Political parties Anti-Gaddafi forces Foreign policy[show] Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Foreign relations Libyan Republic Foreign relations Other countries ·Atlas Politics portal view · talk · edit On 5 March 2011, a crisis committee was set up to act as the executive arm of the council. An Executive Board, was announced on 23 March 2011.[37][38] [39] The executive board consists of:[40] Mahmoud JebrilChairman and Head of International Affairs Ali Al-Issawi – Vice-Chairman Ahmed Hussein Al-Darrat – Internal Affairs and Local Government Mahmoud Shammam – Media Naji Barakat – Health Mohammed Al-Allagi – Justice and Human Rights Hania Al-Gumati – Social Welfare Abdullah Shamia – Economic Ali Al-Tarhuni – Finance and Oil Anwar Al-Faytouri – Transportation and Communications Abulgassim Nimr – Environment Atia Lawgali – Culture and Community Abdulsalam Al-Shikhy – Religious Affairs and Endowments Ahmed Al-Jehani – Reconstruction and Infrastructure Suliman El-Sahli – Education [edit] Local government In opposition-held Benghazi, a 15 member “local committee”[41] made up of lawyers, judges and respected local people has been formed in order to provide civic administration and public services within the city.[42] Residents have organised to direct traffic and collect refuse. Many shops and businesses have opened again.[42] A newspaper[43] and two local radio stations have also been established.[44] Similar “local committees” are being formed in other cities controlled by opposition groups.[45] [edit] Commercial bodies The council has established the following commercial bodies to manage its financial affairs: The Central Bank of Benghazi – to act as the “monetary authority competent in monetary policies in Libya” [46] Libyan Oil Company – to act as the “supervisory authority on oil production and policies in the country” [47] [edit] Armed forces The anti-Gaddafi forces are Libyan armed forces which were constituted during the 2011 Libyan civil war by defected military members and armed citizens in order to engage in battle against both remaining members of the Libyan Armed Forces and paramilitary loyal to the rule of Muammar Gaddafi. The National Liberation Army, formerly known as the Free Libyan Army, is the NTC’s military arm, with the small Free Libyan Air Force operating assets including captured and defected fighter jets and helicopters. On 1 April 2011, Abdul Fatah Younis was announced as commander of the armed forces, in an attempt to insert an organized fighting structure due to a string of failures. [edit] Foreign relations ● Countries that have recognised the National Transitional Council as Libya’s sole legitimate representative. ● Countries that have permanent informal relations with Benghazi but have not granted official recognition. ● Location of Libya Main article: Foreign relations of the Libyan Republic As of 15 July 2011, 28 countries recognize the National Transitional Council as the legitimate body to lead Libya, at least in an interim capacity. The council has also received the backing of the Arab League[48] and the European Union.[49] Mohammed El Senussi, the pretender to the throne of Libya, has also voiced his support for the NTC.[50] [edit] Military intervention Main article: 2011 military intervention in Libya United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 authorized a multi-national effort to establish a no-fly zone. On 19 March, British, French and United States air forces began attacking targets in Gaddafi-controlled Libya, thereby initiating the UN military intervention. Operations are currently being led by NATO under Operation Unified Protector, though non-NATO states such as Jordan, Qatar, Sweden, and the United Arab Emirates have also contributed to the military mission. [edit] See also Libya portal List of states with limited recognition Timeline of the 2011 Libyan civil war [edit] References ^ March 31st Updates | Libya February 17th ^ a b “Ferocious battles in Libya as national council meets for first time”. 6 March 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. ^ a b The Interim Transitional National Council Decree 3, published 5 March 2011 ^ a b c d “Founding statement of the Interim Transitional National Council”. Transitional National Council. 2011-03-05. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-03-07. ^ ^ ^ Keoreng, Ephraim (24 February 2011). “Libya, Botswana end diplomatic relations”. Mmegi Online. Retrieved 16 June 2011. ^ “Malawi cuts diplomatic ties with Libya, citing violence, civilian deaths”. Winnipeg Free Press. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011. ^ “Live Blog – Libya | Al Jazeera Blogs”. 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2011-02-23. ^ “News | Libya February 17th”. Retrieved 2011-02-23. ^ Burgess, Joe; Fahim, Kareem (25 February 2011). “Map of How the Protests Unfolded in Libya.”. The New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 26 February 2011. ^ “Spotlight Libya”. Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ Star, Malta, ^ a b “Middle East”, News, World (UK: BBC), 2 May 2011, ^ New government forms in Easter Libya, US: NPR, 2011-02-23, ^ “Libya’s Eastern rebels long time Qaddafi foes driving revolt”, Business Week, News, 2011-02-25, ^ CBN News, World (ABS), 2011-02-26, ^ “Libya”, Live Blog, Africa (Catar: Al Jazeera), 2011-02-26, ^ “Ex-Libyan minister forms interim government: report”, Finance news (LSE), ^ “UPDATE 1-EXCLUSIVE-Libya envoy to U.S. backs interim government”, Oil News, Energy (Reuters), 26 February 2011, ^ “Libya”, Live blog (Catar: Al Jazeera), 2011-02-27, ^ News, Africa (Catar: Al Jazeera), 2011-02-27, ^ “Anti-Gaddafi figures say form national council”. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ a b Al-Jazeera English (27 February 2011). “Libya opposition launches council”. English news. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ New York Times (1 March 2011). “Libyan Rebels Said to Debate Seeking U.N. Airstrikes”. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ Reported on Al-Jazeera English TV by Hoda Abdel-Hamid ^ למען מיסראתה: מטוסי המערב תקפו טנקים, Maariv, 23 March 2011 ^ “Libyan air force ‘no longer exists\'”. Al Jazeera. 2011-03-23. Retrieved 2011-03-23. ^ “إعلان تاسيس المجلس الوطني الانتقالي المؤقت | الجمهورية الليبية – المجلس الوطني الانتقالي”. 2011-03-19. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ A vision of a democratic Libya, The interim national council, The Guardian, 29 March 2011 ^ Statement of the TNC, released on 29 March 2011 ^ “Qaddafi Forces Renew Assault Against Rebels on 2 Fronts”. TheNewAdmin. 2011-03-08. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ “Introducing the Council | The Libyan Republic – The Interim Transitional National Council”. Retrieved 2011-03-10. ^ “Council members”. Transitional National Council. 2011-03-05. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-03-07. ^ “Council says it is Libya’s sole representative”, Worldwide News (AE: The National), ^ “The Libyan Interim National Council”. Retrieved 2011-06-02. ^ “Libyan air force ‘no longer exists\'”. Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ “Libyan rebels form ‘interim government\'”. Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ ^ “The Executive Board”. Retrieved 2011-06-02. ^ Paul Schemm (24 February 2011). “Libya’s second city, Benghazi, learns to govern itself after decades of oppression”. The Associated Press.–libya-s-second-city-benghazi-learns-to-govern-itself-after-decades-of-oppression. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ a b BBC. “BBC Lybia Live Coverage”. News (BBC). Retrieved 4 March 2011. ^ “First Edition of the Benghazi Newspaper”. February 17. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ “Founding statement of the Interim Transitional National Council | The Libyan Republic – The Interim Transitional National Council”. Retrieved 2011-03-10. ^ Lourdes Garcia-Navarro (23 February 2011). “Provisional Government Forming In Eastern Libya”. NPR. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ “Meeting Outcomes of the Interim National Council held on 19 March 2011”. 2011-03-19. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ Varner, Bill (2011-03-21). “Libyan Rebel Council Forms Oil Company to Replace Qaddafi’s”. Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ “Libyan regime ‘lost legitimacy’—Arab League”. 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2011-03-25. ^ Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2011-05-11). “Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski visits Benghazi”. Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.,Minister,Radoslaw,Sikorski,visits,Benghazi,43100.html. Retrieved 2011-05-20. ^ “Libya’s ‘exiled prince’ urges world action”. Retrieved 10 March 2011. [edit] External links Wikinews has related news: France first to recognise Libyan rebels as “legitimate representatives of the people” Official website Libyan mission at the United Nations Media Future for Libya The battle for Libya – Radio France Internationale dossier Political and International Affairs Committee, The Interim National Council, “A Vision of a Democratic Libya,” March 29, 2011 (pdf document) Other groups National Conference for the Libyan Opposition National Front for the Salvation of Libya Libya Watanona Libyan Youth Movement

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