Libya Is In The Midst Of An Armed Insurrection, Not A Peaceful Protest

Alexandra Valiente
Libya 360°

Libya is facing an armed insurrection. This is not a peaceful protest.

What is taking place in Libya is a carefully staged and strategically planned armed insurrection backed by the U.S. and E.U. whose objective is not “democratization” but regime change and the takeover of Libya’s vast oil reserves.

Yesterday Muammar Gaddafi’s son, Saif al-Islam, said that the situation in his country is different from the situation in Tunisia and Egypt because Libya’s instability was caused by terrorist groups.

His statement is congruent with what we are able to verify regarding these “opposition organizations” that work under the umbrella of the National Conference for the Libyan Opposition, which is funded by Saudi Arabia and according to sources, was formed in London in 2005. It is led by the CIA trained and CIA/Saudi joint funded National Front for the Salvation of Libya whose leader is Col. Khalifa Haftar.

Libyan opposition groups include:

  • National Conference for the Libyan Opposition
  • National Front for the Salvation of Libya [See CIA Base Files]
  • Libyan League for Human Rights
  • Libyan Tmazight Congress
  • Libyan Constitutional Union led by the pretender to the Libyan throne, Muhammad as-Senussi
  • Committee for Libyan National Action in Europe
  • Libyan Youth Movement funded by IRI and Freedom House
  • List of Libyan officials who protested or resigned during 2011 protests
  • The North African wing of al-Qaeda

    Follow the links and see who is really behind them. All trails lead to foreign NGO’s and intelligence agencies.

    Saif al-Islam has repeatedly emphasized that they are not fighting against the Libyan people, but against particular terrorist groups, and denied accounts of government snipers shooting at protesters.

    Currently, the only group pressing for United Nations intervention is the foreign intelligence backed rebels/terrorists masquerading as protesters. The Libyan people do not want any U.S – NATO involvement. They remember all too well the treachery and barbarism of previous “interventions”.

    Prensa Latina reports that Cuba rejected any maneuver by the UNHRC that entailed foreign military intervention in Libya and reiterated a call to Libyan authorities to remain calm in the face of threats and provocations.

    “We cannot accept the risk that this tragic situation is used to satisfy pro-intervention greed, strip the Libyan people of its sovereignty and take over their resources,” said Cuban permanent representative to the UNHRC in Geneva Rodolfo Reyes said.

    “We want the Libyan people to reach a prompt, peaceful, sovereign solution to the situation created there, without any kind of interference or foreign intervention, that secures the integrity of the Libyan nation”, said Reyes as he expressed the Cuban Government’s stand.

    According to this report from Serbians living in Libya, the situation is calm and there is no sign of discontent. We must question all unverified media reports and ask whose agenda they serve.

    A most recent example of Washington propaganda comes from this Al Jazeera interview with Ibrahim Sharqieh of the Brookings Institute. He is deputy director of the Doha Center, a department within the AIPAC founded Saban Center division of Brookings. You can view their featured articles on “democracy promotion” in the Middle East here.

    An article featured on the Brookings website; The Whole World is Watching, is authored by Samantha Constant and Edward Sayre who work for the Brooking’s Wolfensohn Center for Development and head The Middle East Youth Initiative. It reveals the strategy behind targeting youth.

    Let me be clear. This is not about improving the future for the youth in the Middle East and North Africa.

    It is about exploiting the most vulnerable and impressionable segment of the population, utilizing their energy, idealism and angst to further globalist agendas that benefit only the elite. This is ruthless predation at its worst and is utterly unconscionable.

    Understanding how the game is being played against the people of Africa and the Middle East we must turn the tables against the globalists and withdraw support for their “color revolutions”, acts of terrorism and wars launched under false pretext.

    As for Libya, the best possible outcome will manifest only if the people, free from foreign covert and overt operations, are able to determine their own destiny.



    © Copyright 2011 by Libya 360°

    This page may be republished for non-commercial purposes as long as reprints include a verbatim copy of the article in its entirety, respecting its integrity and cite the author and Libya 360° as the source including a live link to the article.

    One thought on “Libya Is In The Midst Of An Armed Insurrection, Not A Peaceful Protest

    1. Anna Johnson
      Jul 16, 2011

      Alexandra I want to post this entire page so the links are here. It’s obvious you were right in your first assessment of the situation in Libya. All of these links connect with what we now know are CIA front organizations, oil corporations and disgruntled monarchists. The brutality of the operatives, whether on the ground or online tweeting murderous bombing coordinates to NATO should be evidence enough that there will be a bloodbath and mass genocide if these criminals ever come to power. The enemy might read this page as a list of accomplishments but I believe it will turn against them and be used for criminal indictments. You’ve done a great job here.

      The National Transitional Council (Arabic: المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي, al-majlis al-waṭanī al-‘intiqālī), also known as the Interim National Council [1] or the Libyan National Council), is a political body formed to represent Libya by Anti-Gaddafi forces during the 2011 Libyan civil war against the regime of Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi. Its formation was announced in the city of Benghazi on 27 February 2011 and its intended purpose is to act as the “political face of the revolution”. On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the “sole representative of all Libya”.[2][3][4]

      An interim government was formed by the council on 23 March 2011. It has so far been been officially recognized as the sole legitimate government of Libya by 28 countries. Malta recognized it only as the sole legitimate negotiator of the future of Libya, but established formal relations in Benghazi with the NTC fully cut off relations with Gaddafi’s regime. Russia has recognized it as a co-legitimate representative of Libya along with Gaddafi’s regime, though its official stance is that Gaddafi should leave Libya. Botswana, Malawi, Liberia, Peru and some Western governments have severed ties with Gaddafi’s government, but have not recognized the council.[5][6][7][8] Several other countries have established unofficial diplomatic ties with the National Transitional Council, with a number of those countries establishing a permanent diplomatic presence in Benghazi to liaise with republican officials.

      The council refers to the Libyan state as the Libyan Republic while the Gaddafi government’s name for the Libyan state is the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.



      [edit] Background

      [edit] 2011 uprising and civil war

      Main article: 2011 Libyan civil war

      After popular movements overturned the rulers of Tunisia and Egypt, its immediate neighbours to the west and east, Libya experienced a full-scale uprising beginning in February 2011.[9][10] By 20 February, the unrest had spread to Tripoli. As of late February 2011, much of Libya had slipped out of Gaddafi’s control, falling to anti-Gaddafi forces. Eastern Libya, centered around the second city and vital port of Benghazi, was firmly under the control of the opposition. The opposition began to organise themselves into a functioning government.[11]

      [edit] Early efforts to form a government

      Opposition meeting in Al Bayda, 24 February 2011

      On 24 February 2011, politicians, former military officers, tribal leaders, academics and businessmen held a meeting in the eastern city of Al Bayda.[12] The meeting was chaired by former justice minister Mustafa Abdul Jalil, who quit the government a few days before. The delegates discussed proposals for interim administration with many delegates asking for UN intervention in Libya.[13] The podium at the meeting displayed the pre-Jamahiriya flag.[14][15][16]

      On 25 February 2011, Al-Jazeera TV reported that talks are taking place between “personalities from eastern and western Libya” to form an interim government for the post-Gaddafi era.[14] On 26 February, it was reported that former justice minister Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil was leading the process of forming an interim body, to be based in Benghazi.[17][18] Mr Abud Al Jeleil stated that “Gaddafi alone bore responsibility for the crimes that have occurred” in Libya; he also insisted on the unity of Libya and that Tripoli is the capital.[19] The efforts to form an alternative government have been supported by the Libyan ambassador in the United States, Ali Suleiman Aujali.[20][21] The Libyan deputy ambassador to the United Nations, Ibrahim Omar Al Dabashi, has stated that he supported a new alternative government “in principle”.[22]

      [edit] Establishment of a national council

      A National Transitional Council was formed on 27 February 2011 to act as “the political face of the revolution”.[23] Its spokesman Hafiz Ghoga made clear at the launch press conference that the national council is not a provisional government and Ghoga also added that the newly formed council was not contacting foreign governments and did not want them to intervene.[24] He later clarified that an airstrike mandated by the United Nations would not be considered a foreign intervention.[25]

      An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi has reported that a fully fledged interim government will not be formed until Tripoli is under opposition control.[26] This is in contrast to claims made by former justice minister Mustafa Abdul Jalil on the previous day about the formation of a provisional government. These comments have now been clarified by the council as his “personal views”.

      On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the “sole representative of all Libya”. It was also stated that Mustafa Abdul Jalil was chairperson of the council.[2][3][4]

      [edit] Formation of a transitional government

      On 23 March the council established an Executive Board to act as a transitional government for Libya. Mahmoud Jibril was appointed as Chairman of that board stating that council now serves as the “legislative body”, and the new Executive Board will serve as the “executive body”.[27][28] Jebril is known to be leading the meeting and negotiations with French President Nicolas Sarkozy, a meeting that resulted in France officially recognizing the council as the sole representative of the Libyan people.

      [edit] Aims and objectives of the national council

      The “Declaration of the founding of the Transitional National Council” states the main aims of the council are as follows:[29]

      • Ensure the safety of the national territory and citizens
      • Coordination of national efforts to liberate the rest of Libya
      • Support the efforts of local councils to work for the restoration of normal civilian life
      • Supervise of the Military Council to ensure the achievement of the new doctrine of the Libyan People’s Army in the defense of the people and protect the borders of Libya
      • Facilitate the election of a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution for the country; be put to a popular referendum
      • Form a transitional government to pave the holding of free elections
      • Guide the conduct of foreign policy, and the regulation of relations with other countries and international and regional organizations, and the representation of the Libyan people

      In another statement clarifying the goals for a post-Gaddafi Libya, the council has committed itself an eight-point plan to hold free and fair elections, draft a national constitution, form political and civil institutions, uphold intellectual and political pluralism, and guarantee citizens’ inalienable human rights and the ability of free expression of their aspirations. The council also emphasized its rejection of racism, intolerance, discrimination, and terrorism.[30][31]

      [edit] Council structure and membership

      [edit] National Transitional Council (legislative body)

      National Transitional Council
      المجلس الوطني الانتقالي,
      al-majlis al-waṭanī al-intiqālī
      Type Unicameral
      Chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil
      Vice Chairman Abdul Hafiz Ghoga [32]
      Members 33 members
      Meeting place
      Benghazi, Libya (interim)
      Official Website

      The National Transitional Council is a 33 member body that claims to be the “only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state”.[33]

      Al Jazeera English reported that each city or town under opposition control will be given five seats on the new council and that contact will be established with new cities that come under opposition control to allow them to join the council. The identities of members of the council were not disclosed at the launch conference. What is known is that human rights lawyer Hafiz Ghoga is the spokesperson for the new council. An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi stated that Mustafa Mohamed Abud Al Jeleil still had a leadership role within the new council.[24] The Council declared that Jeleil is the head of the council.[4] The council met formally for the first time on 5 March 2011[4] when it was announced that the council has 33 members.[34] The names of some of the members are being kept secret to prevent threats to their families that are still in Government held areas of Libya.[35]

      [edit] Membership of the council

      The council has 33 members; the identities of several members has not been made public to protect their own safety.

      The members of the council include:[36]

      • Mustafa Abdul JalilChairman of the Council
      • Abdul Hafiz Ghoga – Vice Chairman of the Council, Spokesman, and City of Benghazi
      • Fatih Turbel – Youth
      • Omar El-Hariri – Military Affairs
      • Zubeir Ahmed El-Sharif – Political Prisoners
      • Fatih Mohammed Baja – Political Affairs and City of Benghazi
      • Salwa Fawzi El-Deghali – Legal Affairs and Women
      • Abdullah Moussa Al-Mayhoub – City of Qubba
      • Ahmed Al-Abbar – Economics
      • Ashour Bourashed – City of Derna
      • Uthman Megrahi – City of Batnan
      • Suleiman Al-Fortia – City of Misurata
      • Mohamed Al-Muntasir – City of Misurata

      [edit] Executive Board (interim government)

      This article is part of the series:
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      On 5 March 2011, a crisis committee was set up to act as the executive arm of the council. An Executive Board, was announced on 23 March 2011.[37][38] [39]

      The executive board consists of:[40]

      • Mahmoud JebrilChairman and Head of International Affairs
      • Ali Al-Issawi – Vice-Chairman
      • Ahmed Hussein Al-Darrat – Internal Affairs and Local Government
      • Mahmoud Shammam – Media
      • Naji Barakat – Health
      • Mohammed Al-Allagi – Justice and Human Rights
      • Hania Al-Gumati – Social Welfare
      • Abdullah Shamia – Economic
      • Ali Al-Tarhuni – Finance and Oil
      • Anwar Al-Faytouri – Transportation and Communications
      • Abulgassim Nimr – Environment
      • Atia Lawgali – Culture and Community
      • Abdulsalam Al-Shikhy – Religious Affairs and Endowments
      • Ahmed Al-Jehani – Reconstruction and Infrastructure
      • Suliman El-Sahli – Education

      [edit] Local government

      In opposition-held Benghazi, a 15 member “local committee”[41] made up of lawyers, judges and respected local people has been formed in order to provide civic administration and public services within the city.[42] Residents have organised to direct traffic and collect refuse. Many shops and businesses have opened again.[42] A newspaper[43] and two local radio stations have also been established.[44]

      Similar “local committees” are being formed in other cities controlled by opposition groups.[45]

      [edit] Commercial bodies

      The council has established the following commercial bodies to manage its financial affairs:

      • The Central Bank of Benghazi – to act as the “monetary authority competent in monetary policies in Libya” [46]
      • Libyan Oil Company – to act as the “supervisory authority on oil production and policies in the country” [47]

      [edit] Armed forces

      The anti-Gaddafi forces are Libyan armed forces which were constituted during the 2011 Libyan civil war by defected military members and armed citizens in order to engage in battle against both remaining members of the Libyan Armed Forces and paramilitary loyal to the rule of Muammar Gaddafi. The National Liberation Army, formerly known as the Free Libyan Army, is the NTC’s military arm, with the small Free Libyan Air Force operating assets including captured and defected fighter jets and helicopters.

      On 1 April 2011, Abdul Fatah Younis was announced as commander of the armed forces, in an attempt to insert an organized fighting structure due to a string of failures.

      [edit] Foreign relations

      ● Countries that have recognised the National Transitional Council as Libya’s sole legitimate representative.
      ● Countries that have permanent informal relations with Benghazi but have not granted official recognition.
      ● Location of Libya

      As of 15 July 2011, 28 countries recognize the National Transitional Council as the legitimate body to lead Libya, at least in an interim capacity. The council has also received the backing of the Arab League[48] and the European Union.[49]

      Mohammed El Senussi, the pretender to the throne of Libya, has also voiced his support for the NTC.[50]

      [edit] Military intervention

      United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 authorized a multi-national effort to establish a no-fly zone. On 19 March, British, French and United States air forces began attacking targets in Gaddafi-controlled Libya, thereby initiating the UN military intervention. Operations are currently being led by NATO under Operation Unified Protector, though non-NATO states such as Jordan, Qatar, Sweden, and the United Arab Emirates have also contributed to the military mission.

      [edit] See also

      [edit] References

      1. ^ March 31st Updates | Libya February 17th
      2. ^ a b “Ferocious battles in Libya as national council meets for first time”. 6 March 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
      3. ^ a b The Interim Transitional National Council Decree 3, published 5 March 2011
      4. ^ a b c d “Founding statement of the Interim Transitional National Council”. Transitional National Council. 2011-03-05. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
      5. ^
      6. ^
      7. ^ Keoreng, Ephraim (24 February 2011). “Libya, Botswana end diplomatic relations”. Mmegi Online. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
      8. ^ “Malawi cuts diplomatic ties with Libya, citing violence, civilian deaths”. Winnipeg Free Press. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
      9. ^ “Live Blog – Libya | Al Jazeera Blogs”. 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
      10. ^ “News | Libya February 17th”. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
      11. ^ Burgess, Joe; Fahim, Kareem (25 February 2011). “Map of How the Protests Unfolded in Libya.”. The New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
      12. ^ “Spotlight Libya”. Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      13. ^ Star, Malta,
      14. ^ a b “Middle East”, News, World (UK: BBC), 2 May 2011,
      15. ^ New government forms in Easter Libya, US: NPR, 2011-02-23,
      16. ^ “Libya’s Eastern rebels long time Qaddafi foes driving revolt”, Business Week, News, 2011-02-25,
      17. ^ CBN News, World (ABS), 2011-02-26,
      18. ^ “Libya”, Live Blog, Africa (Catar: Al Jazeera), 2011-02-26,
      19. ^ “Ex-Libyan minister forms interim government: report”, Finance news (LSE),
      20. ^ “UPDATE 1-EXCLUSIVE-Libya envoy to U.S. backs interim government”, Oil News, Energy (Reuters), 26 February 2011,
      21. ^ “Libya”, Live blog (Catar: Al Jazeera), 2011-02-27,
      22. ^ News, Africa (Catar: Al Jazeera), 2011-02-27,
      23. ^ “Anti-Gaddafi figures say form national council”. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
      24. ^ a b Al-Jazeera English (27 February 2011). “Libya opposition launches council”. English news. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
      25. ^ New York Times (1 March 2011). “Libyan Rebels Said to Debate Seeking U.N. Airstrikes”. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
      26. ^ Reported on Al-Jazeera English TV by Hoda Abdel-Hamid
      27. ^ למען מיסראתה: מטוסי המערב תקפו טנקים, Maariv, 23 March 2011
      28. ^ “Libyan air force ‘no longer exists'”. Al Jazeera. 2011-03-23. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
      29. ^ “إعلان تاسيس المجلس الوطني الانتقالي المؤقت | الجمهورية الليبية – المجلس الوطني الانتقالي”. 2011-03-19. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      30. ^ A vision of a democratic Libya, The interim national council, The Guardian, 29 March 2011
      31. ^ Statement of the TNC, released on 29 March 2011
      32. ^ “Qaddafi Forces Renew Assault Against Rebels on 2 Fronts”. TheNewAdmin. 2011-03-08. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      33. ^ “Introducing the Council | The Libyan Republic – The Interim Transitional National Council”. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
      34. ^ “Council members”. Transitional National Council. 2011-03-05. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
      35. ^ “Council says it is Libya’s sole representative”, Worldwide News (AE: The National),
      36. ^ “The Libyan Interim National Council”. Retrieved 2011-06-02.
      37. ^ “Libyan air force ‘no longer exists'”. Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      38. ^ “Libyan rebels form ‘interim government'”. Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      39. ^
      40. ^ “The Executive Board”. Retrieved 2011-06-02.
      41. ^ Paul Schemm (24 February 2011). “Libya’s second city, Benghazi, learns to govern itself after decades of oppression”. The Associated Press.–libya-s-second-city-benghazi-learns-to-govern-itself-after-decades-of-oppression. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
      42. ^ a b BBC. “BBC Lybia Live Coverage”. News (BBC). Retrieved 4 March 2011.
      43. ^ “First Edition of the Benghazi Newspaper”. February 17. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
      44. ^ “Founding statement of the Interim Transitional National Council | The Libyan Republic – The Interim Transitional National Council”. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
      45. ^ Lourdes Garcia-Navarro (23 February 2011). “Provisional Government Forming In Eastern Libya”. NPR. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
      46. ^ “Meeting Outcomes of the Interim National Council held on 19 March 2011″. 2011-03-19. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      47. ^ Varner, Bill (2011-03-21). “Libyan Rebel Council Forms Oil Company to Replace Qaddafi’s”. Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      48. ^ “Libyan regime ‘lost legitimacy’—Arab League”. 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
      49. ^ Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2011-05-11). “Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski visits Benghazi”. Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.,Minister,Radoslaw,Sikorski,visits,Benghazi,43100.html. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
      50. ^ “Libya’s ‘exiled prince’ urges world action”. Retrieved 10 March 2011.

      [edit] External links

      Wikinews has related news: France first to recognise Libyan rebels as “legitimate representatives of the people”
      Other groups

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